Not only does the universe unexpectedly correspond to mathematical theories, it is self-organizing — from biology to astrophysics — in unlikely ways. The physical constants of the universe seem finely tuned for the emergence of complexity and life. Slightly modify the strength of gravity, or the chemistry of carbon, or the ratio of the mass of protons and electrons, and biological systems become impossible. The universe-ending Big Crunch comes too soon, or carbon isn’t produced, or suns explode.This is the sort of stuff that makes me wish I'd been a scientist rather than a lawyer.
The wild improbability of a universe that allows us to be aware of it seems to demand some explanation.... One reasonable alternative... is theism. It explains a universe finely tuned for life and accessible to human reason. It accounts for the cosmic coincidences. And a theistic universe, unlike the alternatives, also makes sense of free will and moral responsibility.
This is not proof for the existence of God. But the conflict here is not between faith and science; it is between the competing faiths of theism and materialism, neither of which can claim to be proved by science. Modern physics has accelerated smack into the limits of the scientific method. It raises questions it cannot answer but that human beings cannot avoid — matters of meaning and purpose. This is not a failure of science, just a recognition that measurement is not the only source of meaning.
Friday, December 16, 2011
The God Particle
Michael Gerson of The Washington Post has a lovely article posted about the efforts of physicists at CERN in Switzerland to discover the Higgs boson -- the so-called "God particle" -- which the standard theory of atomic physics suggests is the source of all gravity in the universe through the creation of the Higgs field: